How to Stop the Bleed

Call 9-1-1

  • Call 9-1-1 yourself


  • Tell someone to call 9-1-1
  • Ensure Your Safety
  • Before you offer any help, you must ensure your own safety!
  • If you become injured, you will not be able to help the victim.
  • Provide care to the injured person if the scene is safe for you to do so.
  • If, at any time, your safety is threatened, attempt to remove yourself (and the victim if possible) from danger and find a safe location.
  • Protect yourself from blood-borne infections by wearing gloves, if available.

Look for Life-Threatening Bleeding

  • Find the source of bleeding
  • Open or remove the clothing over the wound so you can clearly see it. By removing clothing, you will be able to see injuries that may have been hidden or covered.
  • Look for and identify “life-threatening” bleeding. Examples include:
    • Blood that is spurting out of the wound.
    • Blood that won’t stop coming out of the wound.
    • Blood that is pooling on the ground.
    • Clothing that is soaked with blood.
    • Bandages that are soaked with blood.
    • Loss of all or part of an arm or leg.
    • Bleeding in a victim who is now confused or unconscious.

Compress and Control

Key Point

There are a number of methods that can be used to stop bleeding and they all have one thing in common—compressing a bleeding blood vessel in order to stop the bleeding.

If you don’t have a trauma first aid kit:

Direct PressureApply direct pressure on the wound (Cover the wound with a clean cloth and apply pressure by pushing directly on it with both hands)

  1. Take any clean cloth (for example, a shirt) and cover the wound.
  2. If the wound is large and deep, try to “stuff” the cloth down into the wound.
  3. Apply continuous pressure with both hands directly on top of the bleeding wound.
  4. Push down as hard as you can.
  5. Hold pressure to stop bleeding. Continue pressure until relieved by medical responders.

If you do have a trauma first aid kit:

For life-threatening bleeding from an arm or leg and a tourniquet is NOT available OR for bleeding from the neck, shoulder or groin:

  • Pack (stuff) the wound with a bleeding control (also called a hemostatic) gauze, plain gauze, or a clean cloth and then apply pressure with both hands
  1. Open the clothing over the bleeding wound. (A)
  2. Wipe away any pooled blood.
  3. Pack (stuff) the wound with bleeding control gauze (preferred), plain gauze, or clean cloth. (B)
  4. Apply steady pressure with both hands directly on top of the bleeding wound. (C)
  5. Push down as hard as you can.
  6. Hold pressure to stop bleeding. Continue pressure until relieved by medical responders.

Packing the Wound

For life-threatening bleeding from an arm or leg and a tourniquet is available:

  • Apply the tourniquet
  1. Wrap the tourniquet around the bleeding arm or leg about 2 to 3 inches above the bleeding site (be sure NOT to place the tourniquet onto a joint—go above the joint if necessary).
  2. Pull the free end of the tourniquet to make it as tight as possible and secure the free end. (A)
  3. Twist or wind the windlass until bleeding stops. (B)
  4. Secure the windlass to keep the tourniquet tight. (C)
  5. Note the time the tourniquet was applied. (D)

Note: A tourniquet will cause pain but it is necessary to stop life-threatening bleeding.

Using a Tourniquet

Instructions and photos have been taken from the Save a Life booklet. Download the booklet for additional information on how to stop the bleed.

Pons PT, Jacobs L. Save a life: What everyone should know to stop bleeding after an injury. Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons; 2016.

“Spring” Forest Fire Season Begins

Remember that WV “Spring” forest fire season begins today! Please follow all WV state laws when burning outdoors during this time.

Also keep in mind that materials illegal to burn at any time in WV include but are not limited to:

  • Household trash (burn barrels and/or piles) including paper products – such as cardboard, boxes, etc.
  • Construction, building, or demolition materials (examples: lumber, flooring, roofing material, carpet, plastic, styrofoam, etc.)
  • Wood pallets and other packaging materials
  • Tires or other rubber products
  • Asbestos-containing materials including building materials
  • Insulation from copper wire
  • Waste paints, waste oil, and/or solvents

If you have any questions regarding open burning contact the WV Division of Forestry at (304) 558-2788, visit the WV DIVISION OF FORESTRY WEBSITE, or contact your local fire department.

And as always, ‘LIKE’ us on FACEBOOK and visit our SCVFD EVENTS PAGE


Star City EMS carrying new life saving medication


Did you know that Star City EMS now carries Tranexamic Acid otherwise known as TXA? TXA is an optional medication approved by the West Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services that is an antifibrinolytic agent which has been shown to reduce overall mortality and death due to bleeding among severely injured patients when administered within the first 3 hours following a trauma. Star City EMS is proud to carry this potentially lifesaving medication on all our EMS units.

And as always, ‘LIKE’ us on FACEBOOK and visit our SCVFD EVENTS PAGE

1st Annual SCVFD Trail Run

Come out and support the Star City Volunteer Fire Department by running in the 1st Annual Star City Volunteer Fire Department Trail Run. This roughly 3 mile run through the hills of West Virginia will give most runners a nice little challenge. The event will be held at the Mylan Park Event Center in Morgantown, West Virginia. All proceeds will help us better serve the citizens of Star City and Monongalia County. Hope to see you there!

Sign-in will begin at 8 AM with the race starting at 10 AM. Please bring a valid photo ID. All runners under 18 will need to have a parent or guardian sign their waiver on race day.





West Virginia leading the nation in fire deaths per capita

Were you aware that WV leads the nation in fire related deaths per capita? Especially during these very cold temperatures of the winter months check and make sure your smoke detectors are working!

Other important things to remember during the winter months:

  • Keep your furnace clean and check that the pilot light is working properly if the furnace utilizes natural gas.
  • If you use a space heater, keep it away from combustible materials.
  • Have all alternative heating sources such as a wood stove examined by an expert to make sure they are functioning properly.
  • NEVER use the oven for heating.
  • Clean and check fireplaces and chimneys regularly.
  • Never use power strips to power electrical heating appliances.
  • Install and test carbon monoxide detectors.

And as always, “LIKE”  us on FACEBOOK and visit our SCVFD EVENTS PAGE

SCVFD crew gives back

12/5/2017: While shopping at Kroger in the Suncrest Towne Centre, tonight’s duty crew had the opportunity to give back in a different way to our community. Each member of the crew purchased a “Feed the Hungry” box which will give a meal to a local family in need. We encourage all members of our community to think about others everyday, but especially during these holiday seasons to help those in need with their time, money and/or talents. We at Star City VFD and EMS wish you and yours a safe and happy holiday season!

And as always, “LIKE” us on FACEBOOK and visit our SCVFD EVENTS PAGE